India is making rapid progress in the arena of science and technology. Min Gu, a foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, is recognized as one of the international authorities and pioneers of the three-dimensional optical imaging theory, and has published more than 500 papers (including Nature, Science and Nature Photonics).
The development of marine science and technology to understand the marine characteristics, phenomena and physical, chemical, biological and geological processes using remote sensing and marine acoustics to explore marine resources and the environment.
Space Mission: Though space mission is very old but its success came on October 4th 1957 when ‘Sputnik’ an artificial satellite was sent to space by Russian scientists and in the same year on November they sent another satellite Sputnik 2 with a dog in it. On 12 April 1961 Col Yuri Gagarin a Russian astronaut became the first human being to go around the earth in space in a spacecraft called Vostok.
In line with Article 24 of the UNCCD, the Committee on Science and Technology (CST) is established as a subsidiary body of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to provide it with information and advice on scientific and technological matters relating to combating desertification and mitigating the effects of drought.
The Society for Social Studies of Science members also include government and industry officials concerned with research and development as well as science and technology policy; scientists and engineers who wish to better understand the social embeddedness of their professional practice; and citizens concerned about the impact of science and technology in their lives.