Breakthroughs & Discoveries

science in the newsRenaissance superstitions presented people with a confusing mix of enlightened insight into science, plus beliefs in the supernatural and pagan influences beyond one’s control. The first response to the challenge of the context distinction draws on a broad understanding of the term logic” to argue that we cannot but admit a general, domain-neutral logic if we do not want to assume that the success of science is a miracle (Jantzen 2016) and that a logic of scientific discovery can be developed ( section 6 ). The second response, drawing on a narrow understanding of the term logic”, is to concede that there is no logic of discovery, i.e., no algorithm for generating new knowledge.

The second element of a scientific discovery consists in binding together—colligating”, as Whewell called it—a set of facts by bringing them under a general conception. Since the methods to select publications in our algorithms are different …

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