It seems that every week and sometimes even everyday on the news there is a story about advances in medical science. Because genuine breakthroughs are usually only recognized after a long time, we compared the results of our algorithms for the detection of scientific breakthroughs at early stage with those of the long-term ‘baseline’ detection algorithm developed by Redner 6 Redner’s algorithm essentially selects those publications that have received more than 500 citations, regardless of the citation window.
Schaffer, S., 1986, Scientific Discoveries and the End of Natural Philosophy”, Social Studies of Science, 16: 387-420. Simon, H.A., 1973, Does Scientific Discovery Have a Logic?”, Philosophy of Science, 40: 471-80. They settled on 14 previously published studies, which collectively asked 232,149 participants about their running habits and then tracked their health over a period of time from 5 ½ to 35 years.
Our algorithms focus on identifying publications that stand out in the first 24 months after publication whereas Redner focusses on identifying breakthrough publications in general, using a much longer time window. This number increases to 508 (0.03%) for the whole dataset of 1,805,245 publications.
Another reason why kids love science is because what other subject do you get to learn about outer space. Coastal & Estuarine Science News (CESN) is a free electronic publication providing brief summaries of select articles from the journal Estuaries & Coasts that emphasize management applications of scientific findings.
Longzhi Tan has been named the 2019 Grand Prize winner of the Science & SciLifeLab Prize for Young Scientists for the new method. Craver, C.F. and L. Darden, 2013, In Search of Mechanisms: Discoveries across the Life Sciences, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.