Providing information and communications technology services and support to the University community. 42 page needed The responsibilities of those working in the field include network administration, software development and installation, and the planning and management of an organization’s technology life cycle, by which hardware and software are maintained, upgraded and replaced.
Businesses’ information technology departments have gone from using storage tapes created by a single computer operator to interconnected networks of employee workstations that store information in a server farm, often somewhere away from the main business site.
The term information technology was coined by the Harvard Business Review, in order to make a distinction between purpose-built machines designed to perform a limited scope of functions and general-purpose computing machines that could be programmed for various tasks.
Information technology has several specialty fields that one can focus on. The fields offered for specialization include data base management, information and systems analysts, information systems auditing, software engineering and network administration.
Their definition says that Information Technology is 3 things: 1) the solutions used to manage data, information and knowledge, 2) the Industry that provides solutions around those solutions, and 3) the organizations, within companies, that are made up of the IT professionals that come from that industry.